Vegetarian diet vs Non-Vegetarian diet is a ongoing worldwide debate. A person’s choice of diet reflects his cultural / religious identity. It has been introduced in the childhood itself. Things which been taught to the child is according to the aspects of the parents religion or caste or society. In this way the child learns to follow the diet (veg/non-veg). As a grown man the choice of food may change due to certain reasons like dietary habits, taste, desire, some health conditions.

Classification of Diet

The common classification is vegetarian diet and non-vegetarian diet. But these two are sub-classified among themselves.

Vegetarian Diet

1. Only fruits and veggies, no dairy products, onions, garlic, and most of the spices (especially used in non-veg recipe).
2. Along with fruits and veggies dairy products is also included.
3. Above said all is included.

Non-vegetarian Diet

1. Only fish and dairy products along with veg diet.
2. Fish, dairy and chicken is added.
3. Selective meat item is consumed (chicken, mutton, Turkey).
4. Includes everything but certain part or organ is excluded (brain, intestine, liver, lungs).

One more group is there who call themselves as eggetarian; consumes only egg along with veg diet, says that egg is vegetarian. Each type argues that the food habit followed by them is good to health. But both type has its pros and cons. Vegetarian says killing an animal for food is in but according to a research more animals are killed for various reason excluding consumption like scientific research, making cosmetics and costumes, etc. But non-vegetarian says it is a food chain to follow in order to maintain balanced food ecosystem.

Advantages of Veg Diet

1. Veg diet is rich in minerals and vitamins; important to maintain the health of our body.
2. Fibre content is rich in the vegetarian diet; aids in proper digestion.
3. Increases the lifespan of the person who follows the veg diet.
4. Reduces the risk of chronic diseases and some cancer specifically colon and lung cancer.

Advantages of Non-veg Diet

1. High biological value protein is obtained from the non-veg diet.
2. The main source of B complex vitamin especially vitamin B12.
3. Rich in certain amino acids which body cannot produce by own.
4. The risk of prone to anaemia is reduced.
Even though each diet has specific advantages which dominate from other it also has certain disadvantages.

A vegetarian diet doesn’t have required amount of iron & zinc; also lacks in Vitamin B12 which results in a deficiency. Protein required to build the body muscles is less in a veg diet. It can be compensated by taking soya beans, groundnuts, Yogurt/yoghurt, lentils, mushroom. Planning of balanced diet should be done properly in order to attain the optimum amount of protein, vitamins and minerals.

Non-vegetarians are at high risk of getting a chronic disease, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and have less lifespan than vegetarian because of taking less amount of fruits & vegetables and no exercise. Fibre content is very much fewer results in obesity. We all know what obesity does to our health. Having lots of meat results in the formation of free radicals in our body; the main known reason of causing cancer. Fruits and vegetables have antioxidant property in it which helps to destroy free radicals.

Non-vegetarian are prone to life-threatening disease that doesn’t mean vegetarians are safe. Only less than 10% vegetarians are following a proper diet. Having a cheeseburger and French fries are equal to the full non-veg meal. As lifestyle is changed food habit is also changed to fast and fried food. So the risk of getting the disease is equal to both. Having well-balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables and a moderate amount of meat is good for health. Vegetarian can add mushrooms, lentils, soya instead of meat. Of course, fried foods have mouth watering taste, so taking it once in while doesn’t harm anything. Consuming healthy diet in one day will not solve your health problems likewise taking fried foods in one day will not have any harm to your health.