Low blood glucose is also known as hypoglycemia. If the blood sugar level is below 70 mg/dl then it is considered as low blood glucose. Blood glucose is an important thing which gives energy to our body. Our body gets glucose either by our food intake or produce it’s own by breakdown of fat cells which stores energy. Pure glucose is the end product of digestion process which releases energy for our day to day life. Energy which measured as calories is also derived from fat cells as a byproduct when it breakdowns.
Our brain takes pure blood glucose for its functional abilities. So maintaining proper blood sugar is most important. Hypoglycemia is a serious medical problem which needs to be treated immediately. Certain symptoms of low blood sugar is very common in which you won’t suspect that you have it. But make sure to check your glucose level when you suspect that you have low blood sugar.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar level
Hypoglycemia is common in diabetic patients who is in medication for a long period. High dosage of insulin or diabetic pill causes hypoglycemia. Diabetes is a disease which has high blood sugar level. Another word for diabetes is hyperglycemia. Insulin or diabetic pill is given to reduce blood sugar and maintain the optimal level. When taken in high dosage cause hypoglycemia.
Certain other condition also causes of low blood sugar mainly in non-diabetics.
1. Skipping meal.
2. Not having enough food to meet the require daily calories.
3. Exercise without having extra calories in meals.
4. Some medicines and medical disorders.
5. Extreme alcohol intake
Early stage of hypoglycemia can be treated easily. If not treated it results in serious complications. You may go unconscious at any time. This poses risk when you are traveling especially in driving, or working in place where severe concentration is must. In this case, a medicine named glucogan is to be injected, and if the person didn’t get conscious in 5 minutes should be taken to the hospital immediately where pure glucose is given intravenously. Conscious comes back after 15 minutes.
When the treatment is delayed it leads to serious health complications such as stiffness of the body, nerves breakdown (seizures) which leads coma. This is a life threatening situation. So when you have hypoglycemia, let know the people around you so they can help in giving you high sugar content food or glucogan injection when you pass out.
In early stages when you feel shaky, sudden hunger or severe fatigue just have a spoon of sugar or any other candy which is equivalent to sugar. This helps in sudden increase of blood sugar level. You should not take too much food when you feel the above said symptoms. Our body needs atleast 15 minutes to get absorb the glucose. So don’t take too much of sugar rich food in that 15 minutes. It leads to sudden blood glucose level rise.
Monitor your blood sugar regularly and plan your diet accordingly. There is time in between your meals, so have carbohydrate rich snack. To prevent from hypoglycemia have your meal on time. Don’t take medicine or alcohol without proper food, this affect the liver. Plan your diet when you need to do extra exercise. Always carry a snack when you go outside which helps when there is an unplanned delay in meal.
Aware of night sweats, seizures, and nightmares, make sure that your family members and friends know about your condition and what needs to be done when you need their help. During night check your sugar level before 7 pm and if it is low than 120 mg you need to take carbohydrate rich food in large amount. Consult your doctor regularly to make sure that everything’s under control.